Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Was Marina Raised by Monkeys?

An interesting narration to be studied by a qualitative researcher. The extreme case of participant observation? Ethnograpy?

Was Marina raised by monkeys?

Saturday, June 18, 2016

Difference between Limitations and Delimitations

Probing Cases of Paedophile Crimes

Example of probing. The following is a good example of how probing can be done. The scenario shown in the vide is how to detect cases of paedophile

Wednesday, August 24, 2011

Snowballing Technique

What is snowballing technique?
Watch these videos to get the understanding!

Giant Snowball

The Snowball Concept

Laddering Technique

The field of Artificial Intelligence may not have produced fully intelligent machines but one of its major achievements is the development of a range of ways of representing knowledge. A thorough understanding of different knowledge representations is a vital part (arguably the vital part) of Artificial Intelligence, since the ease of solving a problem is almost completely determined by the way the problem is conceptualised and represented. The same is true for the task of communicating knowledge. A well-chosen analogy or diagram can make all the difference when trying to communicate a difficult idea to someone, especially a non-expert in the field.

Knowledge engineers make use of a number of ways of representing knowledge when acquiring knowledge from experts. These are usually referred to as knowledge models.

Three important types of knowledge models are:

Ladders: Ladders are hierarchical (tree-like) diagrams. Some important types of ladders are concept ladder, composition ladder, decision ladder and attribute ladder. Ladders can be created and edited using the Ladder Tool in PCPACK.
Network Diagrams: Network diagrams show nodes connected by arrows. Depending on the type of network diagram, the nodes might represent any type of concept, attribute, value or task, and the arrows between the nodes any type of relationship. Examples of network diagrams include concept maps, process maps and state transition networks. Network diagrams can be created and edited using the Diagram Tool in PCPACK.
Tables and Grids: Tabular representations make use of tables or grids. Three important types are forms, frames, timelines and matrices/grids. Matrices can be created and edited using the Matrix Tool in PCPACK.
Descriptions and examples of the important types of knowledge models are shown below.

Quoted from


Monday, June 21, 2010

Sharan Merriam's Public Lecture on the Role of Higher Education in a Globalized World

The following audio files were recorded from Prof Merriam's public lecture titled "Making a Difference in a Globalized World: The Role of Higher Education", held on June 11, 2010 at Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Chairperson's Welcoming Speech

Prof Merriam's Public Lecture

Question & Answer Session

Public Lecture brochure